Today’s History आज का इतिहास – 14 April

Top 5 Incidents from India and World History on 13 April- Human Genome Project Completed, Guru Nanak Birth, Indian Railway Zones Inaugurated, De-licencing of Car, Leather and Refrigerators and more

1469 – GuruNanak Dev Born in Nankana Sahib (Pakistan)

  • GuruNanak Dev was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus.
  • Nanak’s words are registered in the form of 974 poetic hymns in the holy text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, with some of the major prayers being the Japji Sahib, the Asa di Var and the Sidh-Gosht
  • The Guru Granth Sahib is worshipped as the Supreme Authority of Sikhism and is considered the eleventh and final guru of Sikhism

1952 – Three integrated Railway Zones Introduced

  • On 14 April 1951 the Southern Railway zone was created
  • The Northern, Eastern and North Eastern Railway zones were created on 14 April 1952
  • Indian Railway is divided into 18 Railway Zones
  • The country’s first train, Red Hill Railway ran from Red Hills to the Chintadripet bridge in Madras in 1837

1993- Delicensing of car, refrigerator and leather goods industries

  • Since the inception of the New Economic Policy in 1991, India opened most of the sectors for the private players and industrial licensing has been abolished for almost all the industries in a step by step manner

2003 – The Human Genome Project was completed

  • The Human Genome Project was a 13-year-long, publicly funded project initiated in 1990
  • The goal of determining the base pairs that make up human DNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and a functional standpoint
  • In March 2000, US President Bill Clinton announced that the genome sequence could not be patented, and should be made freely available to all researchers

2006 – Boko Haram Abducts 276 School Girls in Chibok, Nigeria

  • The Islamic State in West Africa formerly known as Jamā’at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-Da’wah wa’l-Jih commonly known as Boko Haram
  • Founded by Mohammed Yusuf in 2002, the group has been led by Abubakar Shekau since 2009
  • Around 50 girls were escaped from group but most of them face rejection from society
  • Boko Haram is still a big danger for North East Nigeria , Chad, Cameroon and Niger

Birth

  • 1891- Dr. Bhimroa Rao “Babasheb Ambedkar” was born in Mumbai
  • 1907- P. C. Joshi, famous Leftist leader and thinker, was born.

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