Today’s History आज का इतिहास – 13 April

Top 5 Incidents from India and World History on 13 April- Khalsa Panth Formation , Jallianwala Baug massacre, India Russia diplomatic relationship, Buvneshwar became the capital of Orissa and more


1699- Khalsa Panth established by guru Gobind Singh

  • The Khalsa tradition was initiated in 1699 by the last living Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh
  • 13 April 1699 Anandpur Sahib, Punjab
  • Purpose of formation- Fighting against cruelty and oppression in any form regardless of persecutor
  • Khalsa means “to be pure, to be clear, to be free
  • A Khalsa Sikh was given the titles of Singh (male) and Kaur (female)

1919 – Jallianwala Baug massacre by General Dyer

  • Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre happened inJallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, killing at least 400 people including men and women. Over 1,000 people were injured
  • Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered troops of the British Indian Army to fire their rifles into a crowd of unarmed Indian civilian
  • This incident shocked Rabindranath Tagore (the first Asian Nobel laureate) to such extent that he renounced his knighthood and stated that “such mass murderers aren’t worthy of giving any title to anyone”.

1947 – India Russia diplomatic relationship started

  • A watershed moment in relations between India and the Soviet Union was the signing of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship in August 1971
  • After the dissolution(26 dec 1991) of the Soviet Union, India and Russia entered into a new Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in January 1993 and a bilateral Military-Technical Cooperation agreement in 1994.

1948 – Buvneshwar became the capital of Orissa

  • Odisha is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population.
  • Odisha got statehood on 1 April 1936 and is celebrated as Utkal Diwas This region is also known as Utkala.
  • Cuttak was the capital of Odisha till 1948
  • Famous for- Chilka Lake, Jaganath Temple, Sun temple of Konark, Mahanadi

1984 – Kerala drops Silent valley hydro electric dam project and declare it national park

  • Silent Valley, an evergreen tropical forest in the Palakkad district of Kerala
  • It is the core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and is part of the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000+ km2), Western Ghats World Heritage Site, recognised by UNESCO in 2007.
  • The Silent Valley forests were declared as a National Park. On 7 September 1985 the Silent Valley National Park was formally inaugurated and a memorial at Sairandhri to Indira Gandhi was unveiled by Rajiv Gandhi

History PDF –13 April History

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