Today’s History 12 April आज का इतिहास
Top 5 Incidents from Word and India History – Union Flag , Maharaja Ranjit Singh – Punjab 1801, First Double Decker Train in India , Polio Vaccine – John Salk
1 . 1606 – The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of English and Scottish ships.
- The Union Jack or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom
- The present design of the Union Flag dates from a Royal proclamation following the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801
- The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively
2 . 1801 – Ranjit Singh proclaimed himself Maharaja of Punjab
- 12 April 1801 – 27 June 1839 as Emperor of the Sikh Empire
- He survived smallpox in infancy but lost sight in his left eye
- He fought several wars to expel the Afghans in his teenage years and was proclaimed as the “Maharaja of Punjab” at age 21
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh recently named as the greatest leader of all time by BBC History Magazine
3 . 1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
- Jonas Edward Salk (October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995) was an American physician, medical researcher and virologist who developed one of the first successful polio vaccines.
- Salk never patented the vaccine and said that its for humanity and its just like that no one can patent sun.
- Salk conducted human trail of polio vaccine on self and his family before it was declared safe for commercial use.
4 . 1978 – India’s first double decker train was started between Victoria Terminus (CST) and Pune
- The Sinhagad Express is one of the six point-to-point express trains between Pune and Mumbai, the other five being Pragati Express, Deccan Queen, Deccan Express, Indrayani Express and Intercity Express.
- Sinhgad Express is named after the fort of Sinhgad which means a Lion’s Fort located in Pune.
5 . 2009 – Zimbabwe officially abandons the Zimbabwean dollar as its official currency.
- Capital: Harare
- Currencies: United States Dollar, RTGS dollar
- The Zimbabwean dollar (Z$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies) was the official currency of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 12 April 2009
- In place of the Zimbabwean dollar, currencies including the South African rand, Botswana pula, pound sterling, Indian rupee, euro, Japanese yen, Australian dollar, Chinese yuan, and the United States dollar were used
- On 24 June 2019, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe abolished the multiple currency system and replaced it with a new Zimbabwe dollar based on the RTGS Dollar
- 1621 – Guru Teg Bahadur Singh, Sikh Guru, was born
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